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This program provides background and training in modern biological approaches to the study of biodiversity, ecology, and evolution. The links between these fields are emphasized, and topics covered range from the structure and function of ecosystems to the evolution of behaviour, morphology, and physiology.
Note: This program was formerly known as the Major in Biodiversity, Ecology & Evolution (BSc).

Enrolment Requirements
Students apply to the Major Program in Conservation and Biodiversity after completing a minimum of 4.0 credits, including 1.0 credit in Biology (excluding BIOA11H3), 1.0 credit in Chemistry, and 0.5 credit in Mathematics (excluding MATA02H3) or Statistics. Students are admitted on the basis of academic performance.

Application for admission is made to the Office of the Registrar through ACORN, in April/May and July/August. See the UTSC Office of the Registrar's website for more information on program selection.

Program Requirements
This program consists of 8.5 required credits.

First Year
1. 1.0 Credit of Introductory Biology Courses
BIOA01H3 Life on Earth: Unifying Principles
BIOA02H3 Life on Earth: Form, Function and Interactions

2. 1.0 Credit of Introductory Chemistry Courses
CHMA10H3 Introductory Chemistry I: Structure and Bonding
CHMA11H3 Introductory Chemistry II: Reactions and Mechanisms

3. 0.5 Credit in Mathematics or Statistics
Choose from:
MATA29H3 Calculus I for the Life Sciences
MATA30H3 Calculus I for Physical Sciences
STAB22H3 Statistics I
PSYB07H3 Data Analysis in Psychology

Second Year
4. 3.0 Credits of Biology Core Courses
BIOB10H3 Cell Biology
BIOB11H3 Molecular Aspects of Cellular and Genetic Processes
BIOB34H3 Animal Physiology
BIOB38H3 Plants and Society
BIOB50H3 Ecology
BIOB51H3 Evolutionary Biology

BIOB90H3 Integrative Research Poster Project (CR/NCR 0.0 credit)*
*Note: Completion of BIOB90H3 is a graduation requirement for students in this program. Concurrent enrolment in at least one of the BIO B-level courses listed above is required for enrolment in BIOB90H3. Please see BIOB90H3 in the Calendar for important information.

5. 0.5 Credit of Biology Core Labs
BIOB52H3 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Laboratory

Third Year
6. 1.0 Credit of Ecology & Evolution Foundation Courses
Choose from:
BIOC16H3 Evolutionary Genetics and Genomics
BIOC50H3 Macroevolution
BIOC52H3 Field Ecology
BIOC61H3 Community Ecology and Environmental Biology
BIOC63H3 Conservation Biology

7. 1.0 Credit of Other C-level Courses
Choose from:
BIOC37H3 Plants: Life on the Edge
BIOC40H3 Plant Physiology
BIOC51H3 Tropical Biodiversity Field Course
BIOC54H3 Animal Behaviour
BIOC58H3 Biological Consequences of Global Change
BIOC59H3 Advanced Population Ecology
BIOC60H3 Winter Ecology
BIOC62H3 Role of Zoos and Aquariums in Conservation
BIOC65H3 Environmental Toxicology
(BIOC67H3) Inter-University Biology Field Course
EESC04H3 Biodiversity and Biogeography
EESC30H3 Environmental Microbiology

BIOC90H3 Integrative Multimedia Documentary Project (CR/NCR 0.0 credit)*
*Note: Completion of BIOC90H3 is a graduation requirement for students in this program. Concurrent enrolment in one of the participating BIO C-level courses is required for enrolment in BIOC90H3. Please see BIOC90H3 in the Calendar for important information.

Fourth Year
8. 0.5 Credit of D-level Courses
Choose from:
BIOD25H3 Genomics
BIOD26H3 Fungal Biology & Pathogenesis
BIOD34H3 Conservation Physiology
BIOD43H3 Animal Movement and Exercise
BIOD45H3 Animal Communication
BIOD48H3 Ornithology
BIOD52H3 Biodiversity and Conservation
BIOD53H3 Special Topics in Animal Behaviour
BIOD54H3 Applied Conservation Biology
BIOD55H3 Experimental Animal Behaviour
BIOD59H3 Models in Ecology, Epidemiology and Conservation
BIOD60H3 Spatial Ecology
BIOD62H3 Symbiosis: Interactions Between Species
BIOD63H3 From Individuals to Ecosystems: Advanced Topics in Ecology
BIOD66H3 Causes & Consequences of Biodiversity
BIOD67H3 Inter-University Biology Field Course
EESD15H3 Fundamentals of Site Remediation