Supervisor: S. Brunt Email:

This program provides training and background in general biology with the opportunity to concentrate on courses in upper years that are related to immunology, infection and disease. Upper year courses are available in microbiology, immunology, biochemistry and pathobiology of disease. This program is suitable for students with an interest in molecular biology and disease.


Enrolment Requirements
Students apply to the Major Program in Molecular Biology, Immunology and Disease after completing a minimum of 4.0 credits, including 1.0 credit in Biology (excluding BIOA11H3), 1.0 credit in Chemistry, and 0.5 credit in Mathematics (excluding MATA02H3) or Statistics. Students are admitted on the basis of academic performance.
Application for admission is made to the Office of the Registrar through ACORN, in April/May and July/August. See the UTSC Office of the Registrar's website for more information on program selection.

Program Requirements
This program consists of 8.5 credits.

First Year
1. 1.0 Credit of Introductory Biology Courses
BIOA01H3 Life on Earth: Unifying Principles
BIOA02H3 Life on Earth: Form, Function and Interactions

2. 1.0 Credit of Introductory Chemistry Courses
CHMA10H3 Introductory Chemistry I: Structure and Bonding
CHMA11H3 Introductory Chemistry II: Reactions and Mechanisms

3. 0.5 Credit in Mathematics or Statistics
Choose from:
MATA29H3 Calculus I for the Life Sciences
MATA30H3 Calculus I for Physical Sciences
STAB22H3 Statistics I
PSYB07H3 Data Analysis in Psychology

Second Year
4. 2.5 Credits of Biology Core Courses
BIOB10H3 Cell Biology
BIOB11H3 Molecular Aspects of Cellular and Genetic Processes
BIOB34H3 Animal Physiology
BIOB50H3 Ecology
BIOB51H3 Evolutionary Biology

5. 0.5 Credit in a Biology Core Lab
Choose From:
BIOB12H3 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory
BIOB32H3 Animal Physiology Laboratory
BIOB33H3 Human Development and Anatomy

Third/Fourth Years
6. 1.5 Credit of Required C-level Courses
BIOC17H3 Microbiology
BIOC20H3 Principles of Virology
BIOC39H3 Immunology

7. 1.0 Credit of Additional C-level Courses
Choose from:
BIOC10H3 Cell Biology: Proteins from Life to Death
BIOC12H3 Biochemistry I: Proteins & Enzymes
BIOC13H3 Biochemistry II: Bioenergetics and Metabolism
BIOC14H3 Genes, Environment and Behaviour
BIOC15H3 Genetics
BIOC19H3 Animal Developmental Biology
BIOC31H3 Plant Development and Biotechnology
BIOC35H3 Principles of Parasitology

8. 0.5 credit of D-level Biology Courses
Choose from:
BIOD12H3 Protein Homeostasis
BIOD17H3 Seminars in Cellular Microbiology
BIOD19H3 Epigenetics in Health and Disease
BIOD20H3 Special Topics in Virology
BIOD23H3 Special Topics in Cell Biology
BIOD25H3 Genomics
BIOD26H3 Fungal Biology and Pathogenesis
BIOD27H3 Vertebrate Endocrinology
BIOD29H3 Pathobiology of Human Disease