Supervisor: H. Rein Email:

The Major Program in Physical Sciences is intended for students desiring a general background in the physical sciences (with an emphasis in the area of astronomy, physics and physical chemistry) but who do not intend to pursue graduate studies. Parallel major Programs for students more interested in the mathematical sciences or in chemistry are offered in Mathematical Sciences, in Chemistry, and in Biochemistry.

Program Requirements:
This program requires 8.0 credits as follows:

First Year:
PHYA10H3 Physics I for the Physical Sciences
PHYA21H3 Physics II for the Physical Sciences
CHMA10H3 Introductory Chemistry I: Structure and Bonding
CHMA11H3 Introductory Chemistry II: Reactions and Mechanisms
[MATA30H3 Calculus I for Physical Sciences or MATA31H3 Calculus I for Mathematical Sciences]
MATA22H3 Linear Algebra I for Mathematical Sciences
[MATA36H3 Calculus II for Physical Sciences or MATA37H3 Calculus II for Mathematical Sciences]

Second or Third Year

2.5 credits from the following:
PHYB10H3 Intermediate Physics Laboratory I
PHYB21H3 Electricity and Magnetism
PHYB52H3 Thermal Physics
PHYB54H3 Mechanics: From Oscillations to Chaos
PHYB56H3 Introduction to Quantum Physics
MATB24H3 Linear Algebra II
MATB41H3 Techniques of the Calculus of Several Variables I
MATB42H3 Techniques of the Calculus of Several Variables II
MATB44H3 Differential Equations I
ASTB23H3 Astrophysics of Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
CHMB20H3 Chemical Thermodynamics and Elementary Kinetics
CHMB21H3 Chemical Structure and Spectroscopy
[STAB52H3 Introduction to Probability or STAB53H3 Introduction to Applied Probability]

Third or Fourth Year

2.0 credits from the following:
PHYB57H3 Introduction to Scientific Computing
ASTC25H3 Astrophysics of Planetary Systems
MATC34H3 Complex Variables
MATC46H3 Differential Equations II
PHYC50H3 Electromagnetic Theory
PHYC56H3 Quantum Mechanics I
PHYC11H3 Intermediate Physics Laboratory II
PHYC14H3 Introduction to Atmospheric Physics
PHYC54H3 Classical Mechanics
PHYD37H3 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
PHYD38H3 Introduction to Nonlinear Systems and Chaos
PSCD02H3 Current Questions in Mathematics and Science
PHYD26H3 Planetary Geophysics
PSCD50H3 Advanced Topics in Quantum Mechanics
[PHYD01H3 Research Project in Physics and Astrophysics or *PHYD02Y3 Research Project in Physics and Astrophysics or PHYD72H3 Supervised Reading in Physics and Astrophysics]

*Note: A maximum of 0.5 credit from PHYD02Y3 will count against this requirement. The remaining 0.5 credit can be used to satisfy degree-level requirements.