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The Major Program in Plant Biology provides a broad education in all areas of contemporary biology and affords students an opportunity to concentrate on Plant Biology courses in upper years. This program is suitable for students with an interest in biochemistry, biotechnology, cell biology, ecology, evolution, genetics, physiology, and/or development of plants.

Enrolment Requirements
Students apply to the Major Program in Plant Biology after completing a minimum of 4.0 credits, including 1.0 credit in Biology (excluding BIOA11H3), 1.0 credit in Chemistry, and 0.5 credit in Mathematics (excluding MATA02H3) or Statistics. Students are admitted based on academic performance.

Application for admission is made to the Office of the Registrar through ACORN, in April/May and July/August. See the UTSC Office of the Registrar's website for more information on program selection.

Program Requirements
Students are required to complete a total of 8.5 credits.

Required Courses and Suggested Course Sequence:

First Year
1. 1.0 Credit of Introductory Biology Courses
BIOA01H3 Life on Earth: Unifying Principles
BIOA02H3 Life on Earth: Form, Function and Interactions

2. 1.0 Credit of Introductory Chemistry Courses
CHMA10H3 Introductory Chemistry I: Structure and Bonding
CHMA11H3 Introductory Chemistry II: Reactions and Mechanisms

3. 0.5 Credit of Statistics Courses
Choose From:
STAB22H3 Statistics I
PSYB07H3 Data Analysis in Psychology

Second Year
4. 2.5 Credits of Biology Core Courses
BIOB10H3 Cell Biology
BIOB11H3 Molecular Aspects of Cellular and Genetic Processes
BIOB38H3 Plants and Society
BIOB50H3 Ecology
BIOB51H3 Evolutionary Biology

BIOB90H3 Integrative Research Poster Project (CR/NCR 0.0 credit)*
*Note: Completion of BIOB90H3 is a graduation requirement for students in this program. Concurrent enrolment in at least one of the BIO B-level courses listed above is required for enrolment in BIOB90H3. Please see BIOB90H3 in the Calendar for important information.

5. 0.5 Credit of Biology Core Labs
Choose From:
BIOB12H3 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory
BIOB52H3 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Laboratory

Third Year
6. 1.5 Credits of C-level Plant Courses
BIOC31H3 Plant Development and Biotechnology
BIOC37H3 Plants: Life on the Edge
BIOC40H3 Plant Physiology

Third/ Fourth Year
7. 1.0 Credit of Additional C-level Courses
Choose From:
BIOC12H3 Biochemistry I: Proteins and Enzymes
BIOC13H3 Biochemistry II: Bioenergetics and Metabolism
BIOC15H3 Genetics
BIOC17H3 Microbiology
BIOC35H3 Principles in Parasitology
BIOC50H3 Macroevolution
BIOC52H3 Field Ecology
BIOC61H3 Community Ecology and Environmental Biology

BIOC90H3 Integrative Multimedia Documentary Project (CR/NCR 0.0 credit)*
*Note: Completion of BIOC90H3 is a graduation requirement for students in this program. Concurrent enrolment in one of the participating BIO C-level courses is required for enrolment in BIOC90H3. Please see BIOC90H3 in the Calendar for important information.

Fourth Year
8. 0.5 Credit of D-level Biology Courses
Choose From:
BIOD12H3 Protein Homeostasis
BIOD13H3 Herbology: The Science Behind Medicinal Plants
BIOD21H3 Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory
BIOD26H3 Fungal Biology and Pathogenesis
BIOD30H3 Plant Research and Biotechnology: Addressing Global Problems
BIOD37H3 Biology of Plant Stress
BIOD62H3 Symbiosis: Interactions Between Species

Note: Students who are interested in research or graduate studies can choose to take BIOC99H3, BIOD95H3, BIOD98Y3 or BIOD99Y3 supervised study courses with faculty to obtain additional research experience and training in plant biology.