This Minor is designed to provide students with a multidisciplinary education encompassing the origin and natural history of the Earth, environmental science and environmental management, with emphasis on how these branches of study relate to one another. Building on foundational courses in natural and environmental science, students will develop decision-analysis techniques and a broad perspective on human impact on the environment. In upper years, knowledge of natural, environmental and social sciences is implemented in analyses of real-world issues through integrative environmental studies courses. The program is well suited to complement degree programs in Management, Economics for Management Studies and the Social Sciences. First year students are strongly advised to check prerequisites for B- and C-level courses before choosing their A-level courses.
Note: The Minor in Natural Sciences and Environmental Management cannot be combined with the Major in Environmental Science (Science), the Major Environmental Studies (Arts) or the Minor in Environmental Science (Science).

Program Requirements
Students must complete a total of 4.0 credits as follows:

First Year:
1.0 credit from the following:
ASTA01H3 Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics I: The Sun and Planets
ASTA02H3 Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics II: Beyond the Sun and Planets
EESA06H3 Introduction to Planet Earth
EESA09H3 Wind
EESA10H3 Human Health and the Environment
EESA11H3 Environmental Pollution
ESTB01H3 Introduction to Environmental Studies

Second/Third Year:
1.5 credits from the following:
ASTB03H3 Great Moments in Astronomy*
EESB05H3 Principles of Soil Science**
EESB15H3 Earth History**
EESB16H3 Feeding Humans - The Cost to the Planet***
EESB18H3 Natural Hazards
EESC13H3 Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing
EESC34H3 Sustainability in Practice

Third/Fourth Year:
1.5 credits from the following:
ESTC35H3 Environmental Science and Technology in Society
ESTC36H3 Knowledge, Ethics and Environmental Decision-Making
ESTD16H3 Project Management in Environmental Studies
ESTD17Y3 Cohort Capstone Course in Environmental Studies
POLC53H3 Canadian Environmental Policy
PSCD02H3 Current Questions in Mathematics and Science
PSCD11H3 Communicating Science: Film, Media, Journalism, and Society

* ASTB03H3 cannot be taken in combination with any other AST course in the program.
**Students in the Minor in Natural Sciences and Environmental Management must take EESA06H3 as the prerequisite for these courses.
***The prerequisites for this course are BIOA01H3 and BIOA02H3, which are not included in the requirements for the Minor.